The Amazon River is considered to be unique among all the rivers on earth. A large amount of its water covers the adjacent Amazon rainforest. It is impossible to build a bridge over and even raise the sea level in the Caribbean Sea. In this article, we talk about 10 interesting details about the Amazon River. The River is one of the most fascinating areas on Earth because of its distinct species, geologic background, and position as a major freshwater source for the world. It has also had a significant impact on human history.
Here are 10 interesting details about the Amazon River:
1. Previously, the flow of the Amazon River was opposite
The Amazon River used to run in the opposite direction from the way it does today, from 65 to 145 million years ago, towards the Pacific Ocean. There used to be a highland where the present-day mouth of the Amazon River allowed for this westward flow. The Andes Mountains’ ascent towards the west caused the River to change its route.
2. It is the world’s largest river in terms of volume.
The Amazon River has more freshwater than any other river in the world. Approximately 200,000 liters of freshwater are discharged into the ocean per second by the River.
3. The Second-Longest River in the World
At nearly 4,000 miles (6,437.38 km) long, the River is the second-longest river in the world. The Amazon’s impressive length is longer than the 4,132-mile-long Nile River. After the Amazon, the next longest river is the Yangtze River, which is only 85 miles (136.79 km) shorter than the Amazon.
4. The Caribbean Sea’s sea level is impacted.
The Amazon River discharges so much freshwater into the Atlantic Ocean that the Caribbean Sea’s sea level is impacted. Freshwater leaves the Amazon’s mouth and is absorbed by the Caribbean Current, which transports it to the Caribbean islands.
5. The Amazon River Dolphin calls it home
One of only four “genuine” river dolphin species is the River Dolphin (Inia geoffrensis), also referred to as the pink river dolphin or boto. Unlike their ocean-dwelling siblings, river dolphins only live in freshwater habitats. The River Dolphin is thought to have evolved some 18 million years ago, according to a fossilized dolphin that was found in Peru’s Pisco Basin.
6. There Is Also a Dorado Catfish Here
One of the six “Goliath” catfish species that can be found in the Amazon River is the dorado catfish (Brachyplatystome rousseauxii). The Goliath catfishes, like the capaz and mota catfishes, are significant commercial species, with the dorado catfish possibly being the most significant of all the catfish found in the Amazon. The dorado catfish can reach lengths of over six feet and travels 7,200 miles (11,587.28 km) during the course of its life cycle.
7. The Name Is Inspired by a Greek Myth
Greek mythology describes the “Amazons” as a band of nomadic female warriors that traveled the Black Sea. The Scythians, an ethnic group well known for their proficiency in horseback riding and archery, were the inspiration for the partly mythical story of the Amazons. Despite not being an all-female society as the Greek myth indicates, women took part in both battle and hunting in Scythian society alongside men. It is believed that de Orellana gave the river the name “the Amazon” based on this story.
8. It Has More Than 100 Dams.
According to 2018 research, there are currently 142 dams in the Andean headwaters of the River, and another 160 are planned. Although the dams harm the River system’s ecology, they produce electricity through hydropower.
- It Passes Through Four Different Nations
The Amazon River flows through Brazil, Columbia, Peru, Venezuela, and other countries. Brazil controls a sizable portion of the River. Bolivian, Columbian, Ecuadorian, Peruvian, and Venezuelan rain also makes a substantial contribution to the freshwater supply of the Amazon River.
10. It’s the final destination of 40% of South America’s water.
Because the River receives around 40% of the water from all of South America, its height increases significantly during the rainy season. The Amazon River’s watershed acts as a wide-ranging catch-all for precipitation from miles around, including the Andes Mountains and the Amazon Rainforest.