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FLOOD SITUATION IN PAKISTAN

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Due to the flood situation, Over the preceding 24 hours, 49 deaths were reported, the majority of which occurred in Sindh, bringing the total death toll to 777 since mid-June, while 59,665 dwellings were destroyed, increasing the total number of damaged houses to 176,436, primarily in Sindh and Balochistan.

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)

 

The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reports that as of August 21, about 1,868,098 people had been saved, and 317,896 of those individuals were living in relief camps around the nation. 1,356,863 individuals were impacted in Sindh as of August 20 due to flooding in the province, which also caused damage to 309,944 homes and forced 495,381 people to evacuate.

Impact of monsoon on people

 

Since mid-June, heavy monsoon rains and floods have impacted 2.3 million people in Pakistan, demolishing at least 95,350 homes and damaging another 224,100. In terms of human and infrastructure effects, Sindh and Balochistan are the two most devastated provinces. Over 504,000 animals have been slaughtered, nearly all of them in Balochistan Province, while flood-damaged roads and 129 bridges have hampered access throughout flood-affected areas.

Need of multisectoral

 

 In order to determine priority needs and gaps across sectors, a multisectoral quick needs assessment was carried out in 10 Balochistan districts at the request of the Balochistan Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA).

Humanitarian partners are assisting the government-led response in affected areas, diverting current resources to meet the most pressing needs while striving to expand humanitarian assistance.

Floods in Pakistan created havoc

 

Monsoon rains continue to wreak havoc in Pakistan, exacerbating the humanitarian crisis. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reported 73 fatalities (31 in Singh Province) due to floods, landslides, flash floods, and severe weather-related occurrences on August 23-24. More than 900 people have died and approximately 1,290 have been injured since the start of the monsoon season (mid-June). 

Affect of monsoon

 

 

Monsoon rains have affected more than 3 million people, with 184,000 moved to relief camps across Pakistan. Over 495,200 dwellings have been reported damaged. In addition, 702,100 animals were lost, and almost 3,000 kilometers of road and 130 bridges were damaged.

 

A national emergency is declared in Pakistan

Pakistan is battling terrible floods, leaving 30 million people homeless and at least 937 dead.

Nearly 1,000 people have perished and more than 30 million people are still without shelter as monsoon rains continue to batter the South Asian country, prompting the government to proclaim the disastrous floods a “national emergency.”

 

According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), at least 937 people have perished since mid-June, including 343 children. Vast areas of the southwest province of Balochistan are still underwater, evoking memories of the devastation caused by the 2010 floods.

 

Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif has postponed his official visit to the United Kingdom as he seeks assistance from friendly countries and international organizations in the aftermath of the worst flooding in decades. 

Pakistan is in its eighth monsoon cycle; generally, the country only has three to four cycles of [monsoon] rain.

 

 

According to officials from the Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), the flash floods were caused by torrential rainfall, which caused enormous destruction in the Kandia tehsil of Upper Kohistan.

The main cause of floods in the monsoon

 

When there is more rain than the earth can absorb, the extra water swiftly flows into rivers and creeks, flooding storm drains and ditches and generating flash flooding.

Massive rainfall

 

During severe rains, drainage systems and effective infrastructure design come in handy. They provide the easy drainage of excess water into reservoirs. However, when it rains heavily, the systems fail. As a result, a deluge occurs.

 

  • Heavy rainfall
  • Ocean waves coming to shore, such as a storm surge
  • Melting snow and ice
  • Dams or levees breaking

 

Flooding can also be influenced by geography. Floods, for example, are common in locations near rivers. Rooftops funnel rainfall to the ground below, while paved surfaces such as highways and parking lots hinder the land from absorbing the rain, making urban areas more vulnerable to flooding.

 

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